terça-feira, 19 de junho de 2018

Espanha, Princesas da Família Real

Sofia e Leonor, Princesas das Astúrias

Leonor, Princesa das Astúrias, nascida a 31 de Outubro de 2005, é a filha mais velha do rei Filipe VI e da rainha Letícia da Espanha.
Actualmente, é a primeira na linha de sucessão ao trono espanhol.

Leonor assumiu os títulos de 36ª Princesa das Astúrias, Princesa de Girona, Princesa de Viana, Duquesa de Montblanc, Condessa de Cervera e Senhora de Balaguer.

Ela tem uma irmã mais nova, a Infanta Sofia.
Sofia de Todos os Santos de Bourbon e Ortiz (29 de Abril de 2007) é a filha mais nova do actual rei da Espanha, Felipe VI, e de Letícia. 

É a oitava neta dos antigos reis da Espanha, Juan Carlos e Sofia da Grécia e actualmente ocupa o segundo lugar na linha de sucessão ao trono espanhol.

24 comentários:

  1. Oi Amélia, bt!
    Lindos os dedais, as meninas são umas gracinhas!
    Bjssss amiga

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  2. Muito lindos! Adorei ver! bjs, chica

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  3. Muito bonitos estes dedais das princesas.
    Bjn
    Márcia

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  4. Muito bonitas, até tiveram direito a dedais! :) Beijinhos
    --
    O diário da Inês | Facebook | Instagram

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  5. Olá Amélia!
    Que gracinha de garotinhas, incluindo os dedais, mimos delicados. A tua postagem está completa, parabéns!
    Agradecida pela visitinha em meu blog, beijinhos e ótima semana.

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  6. Bom dia,lindos dedais relativos ás netas da família real espanhola, elas são lindas.
    Continuação de feliz semana,
    AG

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  7. Oi Amélia, bt!
    Sobre a sua dúvida quanto ao jiló, não, o jiló não é parecido com chuchu. Ele fica um pouco amarguinho e tem diversas maneiras de preparo, é daquele tipo que tem os que amam e os que odeiam por causa do amarguinho kkkk. Tenho certeza que vc seria da turma dos que amam kk
    Bjssss amiga

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  8. Olá, Amélia! Os dedais são giríssimos.
    Beijo

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  9. Beautiful post, dear! I like your blog.
    Following you! Follow back?
    www.minnieart.blogspot.com

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  10. Dois dedais bem bonitos, e que tão bem representam estas duas lindas princezinhas!
    Ainda não tinha visto nenhum dedal, com a família real espanhola!...
    Beijinhos, Amélia! Votos de uma feliz semana!
    Ana

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  11. Belos dedais que me parecem decorativos, apenas! Amélia, quero agradecer tua atenção com cumprimentos por minha eleição vitoriosa. Deus seja louvado . Minha gratidão! Laerte.

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  12. As crianças são inocentes, agora fica a pergunta um Reino de Espanha tão católico e tem como seu rei de Espanha sangue turco caucasiano.

    Qual será a vossa reacção, povo que lutou contra infieis, turcos e deixam entrar em 1714 o Filipe V de Bourbon. Obrigado.

    Agora os registos de 1522 Sultão Solimanus pai de Jacques de Bourbon Dux e mais possuo 4 agências de genética a confirmar isto.

    Sæc. XVI. dam urbis possessionem nonnifi quatuor A.C.1522. Janissarorum millia introducantur. Præterea ne cui contumelia vel injuria, inferretur, Turcarum exercitus ab urbe mille circiter pafsus recedat. IX. Denique in datæ fidei pignus Magnus Ma. gifter viginti quinque Equites Solimano obsides tradat, quos inter duo fint magnæ Crucis Equites, præter viginti quinque ex præcipuis urbis civibus.

    ::*tileno antin uous iud m:) VIS . XXII.

    2 9 Janisarorum Dux cum copiis fuis of urbem ingreffus. Facg. de His pactionibus die vigesima Decem Bourbon. bris utrinque firmatis obfides prop.681. missi ad Turcarum caftrà pervenerunt, eodémique tempore fummus prætorianæ militiæ Dux, quem Janissarorum Agam vocant, cum militum centuria urbem ingreffus, illius posseffionem cepit. Quinta poft signatas conditiones die quidam Janiffari Rhodum ingreffi, fuos, que focios vifuri, quasdam domus ex pilabant, ac aliqua ex, iis, quæ in naves portabantur, diripiebant; necnon i potiffima Christianorum templa ingreffi

    João

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  13. Quiero que me devuelvan la corona, soy descendiente de Felipe II de España por sangre Rb1 U106 Z305+ y habéis apoyado vuestras vidas en una casa turca, mi enhorabuena.

    Genetic genealogy reveals true Y haplogroup of House of Bourbon contradicting recent identification of the presumed remains of two French Kings

    No paternal relationship was found between the living DNA donors and the donors of the blood sample of Louis XVI or the head of Henri IV. First, the Y-chr of the donor of the blood sample belongs to haplogroup G(xG1,G2) while the living Bourbon members belong to R-Z381*. Based on the time calibration of the Y-chromosomal phylogeny, the time of the most recent common ancestor (tMRCA) between individuals belonging to haplogroup G and R will be some 10 000 years ago.43, 44 Second, the strong differentiation on the 17 Y-STR haplotypes between the living donors with the blood donor also suggests at least 260 meioses between them (Table 2). Although a low number of Y-STR results were obtained for the presumptive head of Henry IV, even the six Y-STRs and the three confirmed Y-STR haplotypes showed high differences with the living Bourbon donors, suggesting at least >110 meioses between them (Table 2). Moreover, the genetic identifications of the presumptive head of Henri IV and the presumptive blood sample of Louis XVI were only based on a similar partial Y-STR profile of both samples.24 Nevertheless, no evidence for a genealogical relationship between the DNA donors of the head and the blood sample could be found based on the calculations of the tMRCA due to the low number of analyzed Y-STRs and the mutational difference observed on one Y-STR (Table 2).36 Therefore, the similarity between the partial Y-STR profiles of both samples as indicated by Charlier et al24 could have been just the result of coincidence. Finally, if the samples were indeed of both kings of France this would mean that there were at least two non-paternity events within the royal lineage of the House of Bourbon, namely that Henri IV was not the biological father of Louis XIII, next to another non-paternity between Louis, le Grand Dauphin and King Louis XVI (Figure 1). Non-paternity events—whether a man is not the biological father of his legal children—mainly occurs when the mother had sexual intercourse with a man other than the legal father or when an unreported adoption occurred. Nevertheless, the frequency of paternal discrepancy in the Western European populations is at most 3% and is probably <1% of human births.45, 46 Moreover, while there has been speculation about non-paternity cases in the family, the written records do not contain evidence for such events within this lineage of the House of Bourbon.47, 48, 49

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  14. By using in-depth genealogical trees of living members of the House of Bourbon, the ‘true' Y-chromosomal variant of Bourbon males of the French dynasty lineage was reconstructed. This Y-chromosomal variant was different from the ones of the presumptive head of Henry IV and of the presumptive blood sample of Louis XVI. As the genetic identifications of these samples were only based on the similarity between the partial Y-STR profiles of both samples, these identifications can no longer be accepted. Moreover, matrilineal genealogical data revealed that the observed mtDNA variant for the head sample was not the one that could be expected. These discrepancies might indicate that the samples analyzed were actually contaminated with non-authentic DNA. As contamination is indeed always possible when dealing with samples with high DNA degradation,11, 12, 53 contamination cannot be excluded here, especially for the head as the first attempt to collect DNA from the sample was not successful.21 Alternatively, they would support the hypothesis that the French kings were not the donors of these biological samples. Y-chromosomal analysis on the already identified heart of Louis XVII, the son of Louis XVI,4 might further remove all doubts about the identification of the blood sample considered to be of Louis XVI and might also solve any controversy about the paternity of Louis XVI of this child. As was already stressed in earlier studies,5 DNA typing of living relatives who are paternally or maternally related should be a requisite to solve historical cases with ancient DNA. This is an essential extra quality control for DNA contamination as well as a guarantee for a more objective identification, as illustrated here by this study of the Bourbon family.

    Joao

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